to the east of the Zhujiang River estuary, Hong Kong
S.A.R. adjoins Shenzhen on the north and faces the
Nanhai Sea (South China Sea). It consists of Hong
Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, New Territories and
the 183 small islands it governs and the sea areas.
Area: 1095 km2.
Since ancient times, Hong Kong has been an
inalienable part of the territory of China. It was
occupied by UK after the Opium War in 1840.
According to the Sino-British Joint Declaration on
December 19, 1984, China resumed the exercise of
sovereignty over Hong Kong on July 1, 1997 and
founded Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Hong Kong occupies the extension of the hilly land
south of Nanling Ridge and has a subtropical
maritime climate. The annual mean temperature is
22.8°C, and the annual average precipitation is 2225
mm. Autumn is the best season in a year. The main
scenic spots include the History Museum, Botanical
Garden, Ocean Park and Taiping Hill (Victoria Peak),
etc. Besides, Tai O, a town on Lantau Island reputed
as the Venice of Hong Kong is also worth visiting.
It abounds in temples, Tin Hau Temple is one of the
most famous ones.